DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Art of Russia
Art of Russia 01 - Out of the Forest
Art of Russia 02 - Roads to Revolution
Art of Russia 03 - Smashing the Mould

« Art of Japan

Art of Scandinavia »

Description

From Wikipedia

Art of Russia

Russian culture started from that of the East Slavs, with their pagan beliefs and specific way of life in the wooded areas of Eastern Europe. Early on, the culture of Russian ancestors was much influenced by neighbouring Finno-Ugric tribes and by nomadic, mainly Turkic, peoples of the Pontic steppe. In the late 1st millennium AD the Scandinavian Vikings, or Varangians, also took part in the forming of Russian identity and Kievan Rus' state. Kievan Rus' had accepted Orthodox Christianity from the Eastern Roman Empire in 988, and this largely defined the Russian culture of next millennium as the synthesis of Slavic and Byzantine cultures. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Russia remained the largest Orthodox nation in the world and claimed succession to the Byzantine legacy in the form of the Third Rome idea. At different points of its history, the country also was strongly influenced by the culture of Western Europe. Since Peter the Great's reforms for two centuries Russian culture largely developed in the general context of European culture rather than pursuing its own unique ways. The situation changed in the 20th century, when the Communist ideology became a major factor in the culture of the Soviet Union, where Russia, or Russian SFSR, was the largest and leading part.

old_russian_art.jpeg

The use and making of icons entered Kievan Rus' following its conversion to Orthodox Christianity from the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire in 988 A.D. As a general rule, these icons strictly followed models and formulas hallowed by usage, some of which had originated in Constantinople. As time passed, the Russians—notably Andrei Rublev and Dionisius—widened the vocabulary of iconic types and styles far beyond anything found elsewhere. The personal, improvisatory and creative traditions of Western European religious art are largely lacking in Russia before the seventeenth century, when Simon Ushakov's painting became strongly influenced by religious paintings and engravings from Protestant as well as Catholic Europe.

In the mid-seventeenth century, changes in liturgy and practice instituted by Patriarch Nikon resulted in a split in the Russian Orthodox Church. The traditionalists, the persecuted "Old Ritualists" or "Old Believers", continued the traditional stylization of icons, while the State Church modified its practice. From that time icons began to be painted not only in the traditional stylized and nonrealistic mode, but also in a mixture of Russian stylization and Western European realism, and in a Western European manner very much like that of Catholic religious art of the time. The Stroganov movement and the icons from Nevyansk rank among the last important schools of Russian icon-painting.

Tags

russian   nevyansk     russia   art history   stroganov   icon   church   movement   byzantine      

Other videos in channel "Single Docs":

Art and Artists of the 20th Century Art and Artists of the 20th Century Art Deco Art Deco Art in Three Colours Art in Three Colours
Art Nouveau Art Nouveau Art of Africa Art of Africa
Art of Australia Art of Australia Art of China Art of China Art of Double Dealing Art of Double Dealing
Art of India Art of India Art of Japan Art of Japan
Art of Russia Art of Russia Art of Scandinavia Art of Scandinavia Art of Snow and Ice Art of Snow and Ice
Art of the Algorithms Art of the Algorithms Art of the Heist Art of the Heist Art Therapy Art Therapy
Carsten Höller Carsten Höller Ceremony and Society Ceremony and Society Colours of India Colours of India
Conflict and Resistance Conflict and Resistance Death Death Domestic Life Domestic Life
Dreams and Visions Dreams and Visions F For Fake F For Fake Fake or Fortune Fake or Fortune
Forty/Forty Vision Lecture - Neurology and the Passion for Art Forty/Forty Vision Lecture - Neurology and the Passion for Art Great Artists - Schiele Great Artists - Schiele History and Memory History and Memory
Is Bad Art For Bad People Is Bad Art For Bad People Klimt - Adele's Last Will Klimt - Adele's Last Will Masters of Illusion Masters of Illusion
Mystery Of Hammerschoi Mystery Of Hammerschoi Open University Art - Art A Question Of Style Open University Art - Art A Question Of Style Open University Art - Music To The Ear Open University Art - Music To The Ear
Portraits Portraits Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Hokusai's The Wave Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Hokusai's The Wave Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Klimt's The Kiss Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Klimt's The Kiss
Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Munch's The Scream Private Life Of A Masterpiece - Munch's The Scream Rene Magritte Rene Magritte Rococo Rococo
Self-Portraits Self-Portraits The Art of Conservation The Art of Conservation The Body in Art The Body in Art
The Challenge - A Guide to Modern Art The Challenge - A Guide to Modern Art The Colours of Love The Colours of Love The Dark Ages The Dark Ages
The Desert of Forbidden Art The Desert of Forbidden Art The Forger's Masterclass The Forger's Masterclass The Great Chinese Art Revolution The Great Chinese Art Revolution
The Great Contemporary Art Bubble The Great Contemporary Art Bubble The Natural World The Natural World The Prehistory Of Art The Prehistory Of Art
The Secret Life of Edward James The Secret Life of Edward James The Secret Of Drawing The Secret Of Drawing The Urban Experience The Urban Experience
Tim's Vermeer Tim's Vermeer Treasures of the World - 1. Theft of the Mona Lisa / 2. Guernica Treasures of the World - 1. Theft of the Mona Lisa / 2. Guernica Treasures of the World - 3. The Fabergé Eggs / 4. The Notorious Hope Diamond Treasures of the World - 3. The Fabergé Eggs / 4. The Notorious Hope Diamond
Turning The Art World Inside Out Turning The Art World Inside Out Why Beauty Matters Why Beauty Matters William Kentridge William Kentridge
Writing Writing    
Video channels
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured