DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

A History Of European Art 03 - Romanesque Sculpture and Architecture

« A History Of European Art 02 - Carolingian And Ottonian Art

A History Of European Art 04 - Gothic Art in France »

Description

From Wikipedia

A History Of European Art

Lecture Three

Romanesque Sculpture and Architecture

Romanesque art refers to the art of Western Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century, or later, depending on region. The preceding period is increasingly known as the Pre-Romanesque. The term was invented by 19th century art historians, especially for Romanesque architecture, which retained many basic features of Roman architectural style - most notably round-headed arches, but also barrel vaults, apses, and acanthus-leaf decoration - but had also developed many very different characteristics. In Southern France, Spain and Italy there was an architectural continuity with the Late Antique, but the Romanesque style was the first style to impact the whole of Catholic Europe, from Denmark to Sicily. Romanesque art was also greatly influenced by Byzantine art, especially in painting, and by the anti-classical energy of the decoration of the Insular art of the British Isles, and from these elements forged a highly innovative and coherent style.
Architectural sculpture


The tympanum of Vézelay Abbey, Burgundy, France, 1130s, has much decorative spiral detail in the draperies.

With the fall of the Roman Empire, the tradition of carving large works in stone and sculpting figures in bronze died out, as it effectively did (for religious reasons) in the Byzantine world. Some life-size sculpture was evidently done in stucco or plaster, but surviving examples are understandably rare. The best-known surviving large sculptural work of Proto-Romanesque Europe is the life-size wooden Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero of Cologne in about 960–65, apparently the prototype of what became a popular form. These were later set up on a beam below the chancel arch, known in English as a rood, from the twelfth century accompanied by figures of the Virgin mary and John the Evangelist to the sides. During the 11th and 12th centuries, figurative sculpture flourished. It was based on two other sources in particular, manuscript illumination and small-scale sculpture in ivory and metal. The extensive friezes sculpted on Armenian and Syriac churches are have been proposed as another likely influence. These sources together produced a distinct style which can be recognised across Europe, although the most spectacular sculptural projects are concentrated in South-Western France, Northern Spain and Italy.

Tags

Other videos in channel "Art of the Western World":

A History Of European Art 01 - Introduction A History Of European Art 01 - Introduction A History Of European Art 02 - Carolingian And Ottonian Art A History Of European Art 02 - Carolingian And Ottonian Art A History Of European Art 03 - Romanesque Sculpture and Architecture A History Of European Art 03 - Romanesque Sculpture and Architecture
A History Of European Art 04 - Gothic Art in France A History Of European Art 04 - Gothic Art in France A History Of European Art 05 - Gothic Art in Germany and Italy A History Of European Art 05 - Gothic Art in Germany and Italy
A History Of European Art 06 - Giotto and the Arena Chapel—Part I A History Of European Art 06 - Giotto and the Arena Chapel—Part I A History Of European Art 07 - Giotto and the Arena Chapel Part 2 A History Of European Art 07 - Giotto and the Arena Chapel Part 2 A History Of European Art 08 - Duccio and the Maestà A History Of European Art 08 - Duccio and the Maestà
A History Of European Art 09 - Sienese Art in the 14th Century A History Of European Art 09 - Sienese Art in the 14th Century A History Of European Art 10 - The Black Death and the International Style A History Of European Art 10 - The Black Death and the International Style
A History Of European Art 11- Early Renaissance Sculpture in Florence A History Of European Art 11- Early Renaissance Sculpture in Florence A History Of European Art 12 - Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence A History Of European Art 12 - Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence A History Of European Art 13 - Masaccio and Early Renaissance Painting A History Of European Art 13 - Masaccio and Early Renaissance Painting
A History Of European Art 14 - Jan van Eyck and Northern Renaissance Art A History Of European Art 14 - Jan van Eyck and Northern Renaissance Art A History Of European Art 15 - Northern Renaissance Altarpieces A History Of European Art 15 - Northern Renaissance Altarpieces A History Of European Art 16 - Piero della Francesca in Arezzo A History Of European Art 16 - Piero della Francesca in Arezzo
A History Of European Art 17 - Sandro Botticelli A History Of European Art 17 - Sandro Botticelli A History Of European Art 18 - Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini A History Of European Art 18 - Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini A History Of European Art 19 - High Renaissance Painting in Venice A History Of European Art 19 - High Renaissance Painting in Venice
A History Of European Art 20 - The High Renaissance - Leonardo da Vinci A History Of European Art 20 - The High Renaissance - Leonardo da Vinci A History Of European Art 21 - The High Renaissance - Raphael A History Of European Art 21 - The High Renaissance - Raphael A History Of European Art 22 - The High Renaissance - Michelangelo A History Of European Art 22 - The High Renaissance - Michelangelo
A History Of European Art 23 - Albrecht Dürer and German Renaissance Art A History Of European Art 23 - Albrecht Dürer and German Renaissance Art A History Of European Art 24 - Riemenschneider and Grünewald A History Of European Art 24 - Riemenschneider and Grünewald A History Of European Art 25 - Netherlandish Art in the 16th Century A History Of European Art 25 - Netherlandish Art in the 16th Century
A History Of European Art 26 - Pieter Bruegel the Elder A History Of European Art 26 - Pieter Bruegel the Elder A History Of European Art 27 - Mannerism and the Late Work of Michelangelo A History Of European Art 27 - Mannerism and the Late Work of Michelangelo A History Of European Art 28 - Annibale Carracci and the Reform of Art A History Of European Art 28 - Annibale Carracci and the Reform of Art
A History Of European Art 29 - Caravaggio A History Of European Art 29 - Caravaggio A History Of European Art 30 - Italian Baroque Painting in Rome A History Of European Art 30 - Italian Baroque Painting in Rome A History Of European Art 31 - Gian Lorenzo Bernini A History Of European Art 31 - Gian Lorenzo Bernini
A History Of European Art 32 - Peter Paul Rubens A History Of European Art 32 - Peter Paul Rubens A History Of European Art 33 - Dutch Painting in the 17th Century A History Of European Art 33 - Dutch Painting in the 17th Century A History Of European Art 34 - Rembrandt A History Of European Art 34 - Rembrandt
A History Of European Art 35 - Poussin and Claude,The Allure of Rome A History Of European Art 35 - Poussin and Claude,The Allure of Rome A History Of European Art 36 - Baroque Painting in Spain A History Of European Art 36 - Baroque Painting in Spain A History Of European Art 37 - Louis XIV and Versailles A History Of European Art 37 - Louis XIV and Versailles
A History Of European Art 38 - French Art in the 18th Century A History Of European Art 38 - French Art in the 18th Century A History Of European Art 39 - Neoclassicism and the Birth of Romanticism A History Of European Art 39 - Neoclassicism and the Birth of Romanticism A History Of European Art 40 - Romanticism in the 19th Century A History Of European Art 40 - Romanticism in the 19th Century
A History Of European Art 41 - Realism, From Daumier to Courbet A History Of European Art 41 - Realism, From Daumier to Courbet A History Of European Art 42 - Manet and Monet, The Birth of Impressionism A History Of European Art 42 - Manet and Monet, The Birth of Impressionism A History Of European Art 43 - Monet and Degas A History Of European Art 43 - Monet and Degas
Art of the Western World 01 -  The Legacy of Greece Art of the Western World 01 - The Legacy of Greece Art of the Western World 02 - The Art of Rome Art of the Western World 02 - The Art of Rome Art of the Western World 03 - A White Garment of Churches Art of the Western World 03 - A White Garment of Churches
Art of the Western World 04 - The Age of Gothic Art of the Western World 04 - The Age of Gothic Art of the Western World 05 - The Early Renaissance in Italy Art of the Western World 05 - The Early Renaissance in Italy Art of the Western World 06 - The Northern Renaissance Art of the Western World 06 - The Northern Renaissance
Art of the Western World 07 - Heroic Art of the Western World 07 - Heroic Art of the Western World 08 - The Play of Light Art of the Western World 08 - The Play of Light Art of the Western World 09 - The Birth of Baroque Art of the Western World 09 - The Birth of Baroque
Art of the Western World 10 - Masters of Baroque Art of the Western World 10 - Masters of Baroque Art of the Western World 11 - The Age of Reason Art of the Western World 11 - The Age of Reason Art of the Western World 12 - The Passionate Eye Art of the Western World 12 - The Passionate Eye
Art of the Western World 13 - Painting the Modern World Art of the Western World 13 - Painting the Modern World Art of the Western World 14 - Distanced Creations Art of the Western World 14 - Distanced Creations Art of the Western World 15 - Between Genius and the Abyss Art of the Western World 15 - Between Genius and the Abyss
Art of the Western World 16 - Between Utopia and Crisis Art of the Western World 16 - Between Utopia and Crisis Art of the Western World 17 - The Aftermath Art of the Western World 17 - The Aftermath Art of the Western World 18 - New, Newer, Newest Art of the Western World 18 - New, Newer, Newest
The History of Western Art The History of Western Art    
Video channels
Video channels
Videos in this channel
List more
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured