Joan MirÃ³ i FerrÃ
(April 20, 1893 â€“ Dec 25, 1983)
was a Spanishâ€“Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, MirÃ³ expressed contempt for conventional painting methods as a way of supporting bourgeois society, and famously declared an "assassination of painting" in favour of upsetting the visual elements of established painting.
Born to the families of a goldsmith and a cabinet-maker, he grew up in the lanes of the Barri GÃ²tic in Barcelona. His father was Michel Miro Adzerias and his mother was Dolores FerrÃ . He began drawing classes aged seven, at a private school at Carrer del Regomir 13, a medieval mansion, and in 1907 he enrolled at the fine art academy at La Llotja, in defiance of his father. He had his first solo show in 1918 at the Dalmau gallery - where his work was ridiculed and defaced. Inspired by Cubist and surrealist exhibitions from abroad the young MirÃ³ was drawn towards the arts community that was gathering in Montparnasse and in 1920 moved to Paris, but continuing to spend the summers in Catalonia.